January 11-12 (Sun & Mon), 2015, Tokyo Station College, Saitama University
Open to the public, no need for registration
|Aim and Scope|
|Panels and Timetable|
|Abstracts of Papers|
|Papers (to be posted early January)|
|Biographies of Participants|
|Access to the Conference Site|
Aim and Scope
Although Israel has broadly been defined as the West in the Middle East, most founding fathers of Israel were born in Russia or Poland. Of course, they hardly identified themselves as Russians or Poles, attempting rather to fit themselves into Western culture. Nevertheless, just as we distinguish between Russian Westernizers and West European modernists, we have to distinguish, for example, between Russian Zionist Westernizers and West European Zionists.
In the Russian Empire including Poland, Jewish people long played roles of intermediaries such as merchants, handicraftsmen, and intellectuals, connecting several elements in the Empire and beyond. While the Zionist movement strove for the revolutionary transformation of Jewish life so that the Jewish people could become an independent nation, that aspiration emerged in the long history of entanglement with East European history. Moreover, one could argue that the Zionist movement itself served to mediate between (East European) Jewish elements and non-Jewish ones such as modern nationalism and socialism, and thus—either consciously or unconsciously—allotted to Jews a new role as middlemen between Eastern Europe and the Middle East.
this conference deals with the connection between Israeli history and East
European history with special focus on Russia and Poland. More specifically, in
order to put Zionism into the contexts of Jews and Eastern Europe
simultaneously, the conference will not presuppose the existence of
Jewish/Zionist culture and East European culture as given, but it will examine
how each individual or movement attempted to utilize spiritual and material
resources available in each environment, while encountering structural
limitations for minorities. By doing so, the conference will provide a new
perspective to conceive of Israel as an entity beyond the definition of Israel
as a colony of the West. This would in turn shed light on a forgotten but
integral aspect of East European history, since it is also a history of leaving
Eastern Europe as a result of interaction with it.
Panels and Timetable
Jan. 11 (Sun) 10:30-18:15
Taro Tsurumi (Saitama University)
Russia and Transformation of Jewishness 10:45-12:30
Olga Litvak (Clark University) “What’s Love Got to Do with It? Jewish Sexual Politics and the Russian Origins of Zionism”
Taro Tsurumi “Between Hyphenated Jews and Independent Jews: The Collapse of Empire and the Courses of Russian Jewish Identity”
Discussant: Mitsuharu Akao (Osaka University)
Empire and East/West 13:45-16:15
Israel Bartal (Hebrew University of Jerusale,) “'Little Russia' in Palestine? Imperial Past, National Future (1860-1948)”
Arieh Saposnik (Ben-Gurion University of the Negev) “Zionism, Territorialism and Empire”
Rafi Tsirkin-Sadan (Hebrew University) “The East-West Dichotomy in Vladimir (Ze'ev) Jabotinsky's Samson”
Discussant: Susumu Nonaka (Saitama University)
Law, Rights, Citizenship 16:30-18:15
Benjamin Nathans (University of Pennsylvania) "Refusniks and Rights Defenders: Jews and the Soviet Dissident Movement"
Nir Kedar (Sapir College) “The East European Roots of Israeli Civicism and Rule of Law”
Discussant: Nobuo Shimotomai (Hosei University)
Jan. 12 (Mon) 9:30-18:00
Poland, Democracy, and Demography 9:30-12:00
David Engel (New York University) “Democracy and Diaspora: On the Nature and Extent of Israel's East European Heritage”
Kenneth Moss (Johns Hopkins University) “Zionist Sociologies of Polish Jewry, and Vice Versa, 1929-1937
Haruka Miyazaki (Hokkaido University of Education) “The Jewish Problem from the Point of View of Polish Nation-Building”
Discussant: Jun Yoshioka (Tsuda College)
Socialism and Transnational Kibbutz 13:15-15:45
Ziva Galili (Rutgers University) “The Paradox of Soviet Influence: The Case of Kibbutz Hashomer Hatza’ir from USSR”
Chizuko Takao (Tokyo Medical and Dental University) “The Joint and the Zionist youth (Hehalutz) movements in Ukraine and Crimea in the 1920s”
Rona Yona (New York University) “Connecting Poland and Palestine: Organizational Aspects”
Discussant: David Wolff (Hokkaido University)
General Discussion 16:00-18:00
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Abstracts of Papers
Anyone coming to the conference can download papers here (not for citation without permission). To view this download page, you have to get the password by contacting Taro Tsurumi (taro_tsurumi[put atmark here]yahoo.co.jp, or his hotmail address).
Brief chronology and glossary that may help you read the papers are posted on our blog.
Biographies of Participants
Mitsuharu AKAO is Assistant Professor at Osaka University, School of Letters. His research interest includes Hasiddim, Zionism, and modern Jewish literature in Hebrew, Yiddish, and Russian. He is currently engaged in a project on Jewish autonomy in Eastern Europe and Russia. He has the following English publications: "A New Phase in Jewish-Ukrainian Relations?: Problems and Perspectives in the Ethno-Politics over the Hasidic Pilgrimage to Uman," East European Jewish Affairs Vol.37-2 (2007), pp.137-155; "Hasidic Pilgrimage to Uman, Past and Present: The Ambiguous Centrality of a Jewish Sacred Place in Ukraine," Jews & Slavs Vol. 11(2003), Hebrew University of Jerusalem, pp.121-151.
Israel BARTAL Israel Bartal is Avraham Harman Professor of Jewish History, and the former Dean of the Faculty of Humanities at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem (2006-2010). Since 2006, he is the Chair of the Historical Society of Israel. Professor Bartal taught at Harvard, McGill, University of Pennsylvania and Rutgers, as well as at Moscow State University (MGU). In 2013-2014 Bartal served as Visiting Scholar at the Bildner Center at Rutgers University and an Adjunct Fellow at the Center for Advanced Judaic Studies at the University of Pennsylvania. Bartal is one of the founders of Cathedra, the leading scholarly journal on the history of the Land of Israel, and had served as its co-editor for over twenty years. He was on the Faculty of the Open University of Tel Aviv (1982-1993) and developed several courses in Modern Jewish History. Since 1998, he is the editor of Vestnik, a scholarly journal of Jewish studies in Russian. Among his numerous publications: Poles and Jews: a Failed Brotherhood (with Magdalena Opalski, Hanover, University Press of New England, 1992); Exile in the Land (published in Hebrew, Jerusalem, ha-Sifriya ha-Tsiyonit, 1994); The Jews of Eastern Europe. 1772-1881 (University of Pennsylvania Press, 2005, 2006, published also in Russian and German); The Varieties of Haskalah (editor, with Shmuel Feiner), Jerusalem, the Hebrew University Magnes Press, 2005); Cossack and Bedouin: Land and People in Jewish Nationalism (Tel Aviv, Am Oved Publishers, 2007); The Histroy of Jerusalem: The Late Ottoman Period (1800-1917) (editor, with Haim Goren), Yad Ben Zvi, Jerusalem 2010; To Redeem a People: Enlightenment and Nationalism in Eastern Europe, Carmel Publishing House, Jerusalem 2013.
David ENGEL is Greenberg Professor of Holocaust Studies, Professor and Chair of Hebrew and Judaic Studies, and Professor of History at New York University and a Fellow of the Goldstein-Goren Diaspora Research Center at Tel Aviv University. He studies the history of the Jews from the late nineteenth through the mid-twentieth century, emphasizing political thought and behavior and the relations between Jews and non-Jews, primarily in eastern Europe. Recent work includes Zionism A Short History of a Big Idea (2008), Historians of the Jews and the Holocaust (2010); and The Assassination of Symon Petliura and the Trial of Scholem Schwarzbard (forthcoming).
Ziva GALILI is a Distinguished Professor of History at Rutgers University, where she has served as Dean of the Graduate School and of the School of Arts and Sciences. She is the author of The Menshevik Leaders in the Russian Revolution: Social Realities and Political Strategies (Princeton UP, 1989, Russian translation 1993) and co-editor with A.P. Nenarokov of the annotated documentary editions, The Mensheviks in 1917 (4 vols., 1994-1997, Russian) and The Mensheviks in Soviet Russia, 1918-1924 (4 vols., 1999-2004, Russian). In later years she studied the history of Zionist organizations in the early Soviet Union and published, among others, “The Soviet Experience of Zionism: Importing Soviet Political Culture to Palestine,” Journal of Israeli History, Vol. 24, No. 1 (2005); Exiled to Palestine: The Emigration of Zionist Convicts from Soviet Russia, 1924-1937 (with Boris Morozov, 2006); “Zionism in the Early Soviet State: Between Legality and Persecution,” in Revolution, Repression, and Revival. The Soviet Jewish Experience (Ed. Z. Gitelman and Y. Roi, 2007). She is currently working on two projects: An annotated edition of Zionist documents from Soviet archives (including the archives of FSB and SBU); and a book-in-writing exploring the ideological, communal, and personal dimensions of the lives of her parents, Klara and Lasia Galili, as members and activists of H ashomer Hatza’irin the USSR, the kibbutz it spawned in Palestine, and other socialist Zionist collectivities.
Nir KEDAR, Professor and SJD, is the Dean of Sapir College School of law in Israel. Formerly he was a Professor of law and legal history at Bar-Ilan University Faculty of Law. Prof. Kedar has an LL.B. and a BA in history from Tel-Aviv University and an S.J.D. from Harvard Law School. He clerked for the Honorable President of the Israeli Supreme Court Prof. Aharon Barak. His main fields of interest are legal history, modern legal history, legal and political theory and comparative law. In these fields he has published numerous articles and four books. He is a member of the editorial staff of Comparative Legal History (CLH). Among his publications: Mamlakhtiyut: David Ben-Gurion’s Civic Thought, Yad Ben-Zvi & Ben-Gurion University Press 2009 (Hebrew). The book won the Shapiro Prize for Best Book on Israel for 2009 from the International Association for Israel Studies (AIS). His recent book The “Israeliness” of Israeli Law: The 100 Years’ Quest for an “Authentic” Israeli Law, will appear in 2015.
Olga LITVAK teaches modern Jewish history at Clark University. A specialist in the study of Jewish life in Eastern Europe, she is the author of Conscription and the Search for Modern Russian Jewry (Indiana UP, 2006) and Haskalah: The Romantic Movement in Judaism (Rutgers UP, 2012). Litvak is currently writing a book about Zionism in Russia.
Haruka MIYAZAKI is Lecturer of international politics at Hokkaido University of Education. Her research interest includes Polish nationalism, Zionism, and modern Jewish historiography in Polish. Her publications include The Polish Problem and Dmowski: Pathos and Logos of National Independence [in Japanese] (Hokkaido University Press, 2010).
Kenneth B. MOSS is the Posen Associate Professor of Modern Jewish History at the Johns Hopkins University. His current book project, The Unchosen People: the Polish Jewish Condition and the Jewish Political Imagination, 1928-1939, examines how a transnational Jewish intelligentsia divided among Zionists, diasporists, and territorialists confronted the spectre of a Polish Jewish community redefined by a politics of despair, futurelessness, and negative identity; tried to make sense of a new global order increasingly defined by extrusionary hypernationalism, capitalist crisis, imperial retrenchment, and the racialization of space and movement; struggled to understand the implications of the latter for the former; and sought with increasing desperation for a politics that would be adequate to these challenges. Moss’ first book, Jewish Renaissance in the Russian Revolution (Harvard 2009), investigated the Jewish nationalist intelligentsia’s concept of culture through a comparative study of Hebraist, Yiddishist, nationalist, and socialist cultural projects during the first years of the Russian Revolution. The book received the Sami Rohr Prize for the best work of Jewish non-fiction from the National Jewish Book Council in 2010; a Hebrew translation will appear from Mercaz Zalman Shazar. Moss’ work has appeared in the Journal of Modern History, Jewish Social Studies, Jewish History, The Journal of Social History, Afn shvel and many other venues, and has been translated into Hebrew, Yiddish, Polish, Russian, and Portuguese. With Sarah Stein and Tony Michels, he is incoming editor of Jewish Social Studies. He lives with his wife and children in the city that saw the first publication of a poem by Shaul Tshernikhovsky.
Benjamin NATHANS is Ronald S. Lauder Associate Professor of History at the University of Pennsylvania (Philadelphia, USA). He is the author of Beyond the Pale: The Jewish Encounter with Late Imperial Russia (2002), co-editor of Culture Front: Representing Jews in Eastern Europe (2008), and is currently completing a book entitled To the Success of Our Hopeless Cause: A History of the Soviet Dissident Movement. His work has appeared in The London Review of Books, The Nation, The Los Angeles Review of Books, and other venues. His most recent article, "Talking Fish: On Soviet Dissident Memoirs," is forthcoming in the Journal of Modern History.
Susumu NONAKA teaches modern Russian literature at Saitama University. He is specialized in Andrei Platonov, Vasliy Rozanov, and Literary Theory (Bakhtin, Russian Formalism). The author of several articles about them.
Arieh SAPOSNIK is Associate Professor at the Ben-Gurion Institute for the Study of Israel and Zionism at Ben-Gurion University in the Negev. A historian of Zionism and Jewish nationalism, Saposnik is interested, in the broader context, in the construction of national cultures and identities in the modern world. He is the author of Becoming Hebrew: The Creation of a Jewish National Culture in Ottoman Palestine, published by Oxford University Press. Currently, Saposnik is completing a study of the Jewish Territorialist Organization and the emergence of competing notions of the link between Jews and territory in the modern world. He has also published on imagery and symbolism of the sacred in the making of Jewish nationalism, and in Zionism and Israeli culture in particular. Prior to joining the faculty at Ben-Gurion University, Saposnik was the founding director of the Younes & Soraya Nazarian Center for Israel Studies at the University of California in Los Angeles, where he also held the Rosalinde and Arthur Gilbert Foundation Chair in Israel Studies.
Nobuo SHIMOTOMAI is Professor at Hosei University, Faculty of Law and Politics. He specilizes in Russian and CIS politics and history. Former President of the Japanese Association of the International Relations, Chairperson of the org. comittee of the Makuhari congress of the ICCEES, Valdai club member, commentator on Russian Affairs, he graduated from the University of Tokyo, Faculty of Law. He visited Birmingham University as Honorary Research Fellow and Harvard Russian Research Center as Visiting Fellow and Fulbright Fellow. His publications include: Moscow under Stalinist Rule 1931-34 (Macmillan, 1991), Northern Territories and Beyond (ed. with Prof. V. Ivanov and Goodby, Praeger, 1995), Soviet Politics and Trade Unions: A Political History of the NEP [in Japanese] (Univ. of Tokyo Press, 1982), Contemporary Soviet Politics [in Japanese] (Univ.of Tokyo Press, 1987), The State Owned by the Party [in Japanese] (Kodansya, 2002), Cold War History in Asia [in Japanese] (Chuuoukouronnsinsha, 2004), Moscow and Kim IlSung [in Japanese] (Iwanami,2006; Russian version from MGIMO,2009).
Chizuko TAKAO is Professor in History at the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, Tokyo Medical and Dental University. Her field of research is Russian Jewish History. She received her Ph.D. in history from Waseda University in 2005. Her recent publications include Russia and the Jews: A Short History, Tokyo, 2014 [in Japanese]; “Siberian Intervention and the Dissemination of the Protocols of Elders of Zion in Japan: 1919-1921”, in Studies in Jewish Life and Culture, No.27, 2013, pp.23-36 [in Japanese]; “Russian-Jewish Harbin before World War II”, in Japanese Slavic and East European Studies, vol.32, 2012, pp.39-53.
Rafi TSIRKIN-SADAN has received his PhD from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, and served as the Stanley A. and Barbara B. Rabin Postdoctoral Fellow at Columbia University. His research interests include: Russian literature, Hebrew literature, literature and history in history of ideas. Rafi is the author of two books Jewish Letters at the Pushkin Library: Y.H. Brenner's work and its connection to Russian Literature and Thought (in Hebrew, Bialik Institute, 2013), and Wandering Heroes, Committed Writers:Nihilists and Nihilism in Russian Literature(in Hebrew ,Van Leer/Hakibutz Hameuhad, forthcoming in 2015). Currently he is working on a new manuscript Hundred Years Together: The Encounter of Hebrew writers with Russian Literature, 1850-1950. In 2014-2015 Rafi teaches Russian literature and film at The Hebrew University of Jerusalem within the framework of Israeli Partnership in Russian Studies.
Taro TSURUMI (organizer) is Associate Professor in Research and Development Bureau at Saitama University. His research focuses on Russian Jewish and Zionist history and historical sociology of ethnicity and nationalism. He received his Ph.D. at the University of Tokyo based on his dissertation on the ideological history of Russian Zionism (1881-1917) in 2010. His recent publications include "'Neither Angels, Nor Demons, But Humans': Anti-Essentialism and Its Ideological Moments among the Russian Zionist Intelligentsia," Nationalities Papers, 38(4); "An Imagined Context of a Nation: The Russian Zionist Version of the Austrian Theory of Nationality," in Brian Horowitz and Shai Ginsburg eds., Bounded Mind and Soul: Russia and Israel, 1880-2010, Bloomington: Slavica Publishers, 2013; "Jewish Liberal, Russian Conservative: Daniel Pasmanik between Zionism and the Anti-Bolshevik White Movement,"Jewish Social Studies (forthcoming); The Imagination of Russian Zionism [in Japanese] (Univ. of Tokyo Press, 2012).
David WOLFF is Professor of History at the Slavic Eurasian Research Center of Hokkaido University. Before moving to Japan, he was Director of the Cold War International History Project at the Woodrow Wilson Center and CWIHP Senior Scholar. He is the author of To the Harbin Station: The Liberal Alternative in Russian Manchuria, 1898-1914 (Stanford,1999; Kodansha, 2014), co-author of Le KGB et les pays baltes (Paris, 2005) and more recently "Japan and Stalin's Policy toward Northeast Asia after World War II" in the Journal of Cold War Studies (Spring 2013). He is now working on a monograph about the Stalin-Mao relationship at the core of Stalin's postwar Eurasia policy.
Rona YONA is a postdoctoral fellow of the Israel Institute (2013-2015) at New York University, and editor of Israel: Studies in Zionism and the State of Israel published by Tel Aviv University. She holds a Ph.D. in Jewish history from Tel Aviv University (2014) and an MA in European History from the Hebrew University. Her dissertation examines Hechalutz in Poland and Socialist Zionism as an international mass movement. Her publications include: “A Kibbutz in the Diaspora” (Journal of Israeli History 31, 2012), “Zionist Terminology and the Jewish Sources: Berl Katznelson and the Creation of the Term ‘Hanchalat Halashon’ [Bequeathing the Language]” (Hebraic Political Studies 2, 2007), and “Muslims under Christian Rule in Late Medieval Spain” (Hayo Haya, 2 2003, in Hebrew).
Jun YOSHIOKA is Associate Professor at Tsuda College, Tokyo, Department of International and Cultural Studies. His research focuses on national minority problems in the process of the establishment of communist rule in Poland. He received his Ph.D. in history from Kyoto University in 2003. His recent publications include Fighting Poland: Poland and the Second World War (Toyo shoten, forthcoming) [in Japanese]; “Imagining Their Lands as Ours: Place Name Changes on Ex-German Territories in Poland after World War II,” in: Tadayuki Hayashi and Hiroshi Fukuda (eds.), Regions in Central and Eastern Europe: Past and Present (Sapporo, 2007); “The ‘Ukrainian Problem’ and the Process of the Establishment of Communist Rule in Poland,” Slavic Studies, 48 (2001) [in Japanese]; “National Aspects of the Land Reform in Poland after World War II,” in: Tomasz Szarota (ed.), Communism: Ideology, System, People (Warsaw, 2001) [in Polish].
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Street View of Sapia Tower サピアタワーのストリートビュー
Tokyo Station College, Saitama Unviersity
Sapia Tower* 9F, 1-7-12 Marunouchi, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo
*The same building as Hotel Metropolitan Marunouchi (not Marunouchi Hotel), though the entrance is different; proceed to the office entrance on the 3rd floor and take a one-day pass from our reception; return the pass to the reception everytime you go outside the office entrance, even if you drop by the convenience store in the same building, for example. See photos below.
Raiway & Metro access: JR and Metro Tokyo Station (Nihonbashi Gate is the closest to the building; Yaesu North Gate is also close). Otemachi Station and Nihonbashi Station are also available. A lot of lines including Yamanote Line, Chuo Line, and Marunouchi Line are available to these stations. It takes about 10 min. from the platform of the Yamanote Line to our conference room.
We will open the conference room half an hour before the start of the conference each day.
Photos from Sapia Tower to the conference room
We will put our desk in front of the door (pic. above).
The conference room is on the left. Toilet is outside this door, near the elevators.
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Contact: Taro Tsurumi (taro_tsurumi[put atmark here]yahoo.co.jp)
Research and Development Bureau, Saitama University